On September 6, 2017, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals declined to accord deference to the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) interpretation of its “dual jobs” regulation. The court reasoned that the interpretation, as articulated in the DOL’s Field Operations Handbook (FOH), was inconsistent with the dual jobs regulation and attempted to create a de facto new regulation. The appellate court rejected the FOH’s requirement that employers evaluate employee work on a duty-by-duty and minute-by-minute basis to determine whether an employer may take a tip credit for specific time worked. The court favored the DOL’s earlier guidance on the regulation, which instructed employers to look for a “clear dividing line” to distinguish between when an employee is engaged in a customarily tipped occupation versus a second and separate non-tipped occupation.
> > > > Ninth Circuit Rejects DOL’s Interpretation of the “Dual Jobs” Regulation for Tipped Employees