Washington State voters have agreed to allow the sale and possession of small amounts of marijuana. Individuals who are 21 years and older may lawfully purchase and possess up to one ounce of useable marijuana, or larger amounts of marijuana-infused products, at licensed retail outlets that have been approved by Washington’s state liquor control board, under the measure approved November 6.
Articles About Washington Labor And Employment Law.
Of the three marijuana-legalization voter initiatives on state ballots November 6, Washington Initiative 502 is the most likely to be adopted. Oregon’s Measure 80 is expected to be defeated by voters. Amendment 64 in Colorado is ahead in the polls, but the margin is narrowing and opposition among Colorado voters, especially women voters, is gaining momentum. (See our article, Colorado Marijuana Legalization Ballot Initiative Loses Ground.)
All employers who employ at least five full-time employees (in any city or state) and have at least one employee who performs work within the City of Seattle must soon comply with Seattle’s Sick/Safe Leave law. The new law goes into effect on September 1, 2012. All employees, regardless of whether they are temporary, part-time or full-time have the right to paid sick/safe leave under this law if they work in Seattle on an “occasional basis,” or more than 240 hours within a calendar year. The location of the employer’s business is not relevant.
A bulletin on employment, labor, benefits and immigration law.
On February 8, 2012, the Washington Legislature passed SB 6239 to legalize same-sex marriage in Washington State. Governor Christine Gregoire has announced she will sign the bill on February 13. Meanwhile, opponents have promised to gather enough signatures to force a referendum on the law.
Finding no error in the trial courtâ€™s ruling that plaintiff-armored car employees â€œwere always engaged in active work duties when on the armored vehicles,â€ the Washington Court of Appeals has affirmed a $2.1 million judgment against an employer for failing to comply with Washingtonâ€™s meal and rest period law. Pellino v. Brinkâ€™s Inc., 164 Wn. App. 668, 2011 Wash. App. LEXIS 2541 (Wash. Ct. App., Div. I, Nov. 7, 2011), recons. denied (Dec. 22, 2011). In addition, the Court agreed that the company engaged in a class-wide pattern or practice of failing to provide sufficient meal and rest period time also in violation of Washington state law.
A labor arbitratorâ€™s award reinstating an employee who was terminated for hanging a noose in his workplace violated Washingtonâ€™s public policy against discrimination where the arbitratorâ€™s lesser discipline (only a 20-day suspension) prevented the employer from effectively discharging its state law duty of eradicating racial discrimination from the workplace. Thus, a Washington Court of Appeals panel has vacated the award. Intâ€™l Union of Operating Engâ€™rs, Local 286 v. Port of Seattle, No. 65037-8 (Wash. Ct. App. Oct. 17, 2011). However, because the trial court exceeded its authority in making its own decision about the appropriate employee discipline, the Court remanded the case for further proceedings.
The Washington Supreme Court has reaffirmed that employee tort claims alleging wrongful discharge in violation of public policy may be brought only in limited circumstances, where the public policy at issue is not adequately promoted through alternative mechanisms, such as statutory remedies or criminal sanctions.
On September 23, 2011, Seattle Mayor Mike McGinn signed into law the Seattle Paid Sick Time and Paid Safe Time Ordinance. Effective on September 1, 2012, nearly all private sector employers must provide to employees who work in Seattle specified amounts of accrued, job-protected paid time off for personal illness, family care and other purposes. Seattle joins San Francisco, Washington D.C., Connecticut, and potentially Denver, in mandating that employers provide a paid time off benefit.
The Seattle City Council has approved a requirement that businesses in Seattle provide paid leave to employees when they or their family members fall ill or are a victim of domestic violence. Additionally, the new ordinance (Council Bill No. 117216) requires employers to post a notice informing employees of their leave rights. Approved on September 12, 2011, the new leave ordinance goes into effect on September 1, 2012.
A Washington state appeals court has ruled that employees who miss state-mandated rest breaks during their regular 40-hour workweek assignments are not entitled to overtime compensation for the missed rest breaks. The Court held that the plaintiff-nurses were entitled only to straight-time compensation under the Washington Minimum Wage Act because they did not work in excess of 40 hours during the week they missed a rest break. The break periods were included in, and a part of, their 40-hour week. Washington State Nursesâ€™ Assn. v. Sacred Heart Med. Ctr., No. 29366-1-III (Wash. Ct. App. Aug. 25, 2011).
A private employer in Seattle would be required to provide its employees with â€œpaid sick and safe timeâ€ to care for â€œtheir own or their family membersâ€™ health needs or their own or their family membersâ€™ safety or other needs resulting from domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalkingâ€¦â€ under an ordinance proposed by Seattle City Councilman Nick Licata.
Rejecting an employeeâ€™s claims for wrongful termination, the Washington Supreme Court has held that the state Medical Use of Marijuana Act (â€œMUMAâ€) does not provide a civil cause of action for wrongful termination based on the employeeâ€™s authorized medical marijuana use. Roe v. TeleTech Customer Care Mgmt. (Colorado) LLC, No. 83768-6 (Wash. June 9, 2011). The Court further held that MUMA does not create a clear public policy supporting a tort claim for public policy wrongful discharge.
Responding to findings that approximately one in five employees â€œdirectly experience health-endangering workplace bullying, abuse, and harassmentâ€ and that â€œabusive work environments can have serious effects on targeted employees and serious consequences for employers,â€ a new bill has been introduced in both houses of Washingtonâ€™s state legislature that will provide a legal remedy for employees and legal incentives for employers to address workplace bullying.
Washington’s minimum wage, currently the highest in the nation, will increase to $8.67 an hour effective January 1, 2011, an increase of 12 cents over the 2010 rate. The state minimum wage applies to agricultural and non-agricultural jobs in Washington, including tipped employees, as Washington’s minimum wage law does not recognize a tip credit.