Deduction from Wages in New York
There are only two types of deductions that an employer may take from an employee’s wages. The first is those required by law, such as payroll taxes, child support orders and wage garnishments.
The second type includes certain deductions authorized by law that are for the benefit of the employee and which must be expressly authorized in writing by the employee. These deductions include payments for insurance premiums, pensions, health and welfare benefits, charitable contributions, purchase of savings bonds, and union dues.
An employer may not take a deduction from an employee’s wages to pay for the cost of uniforms or to pay for a loss incurred by the employer as a result of the employee’s actions, such as when an employee damages or steals the employer’s property.